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Impact Evaluation Report of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Rural Advancement Programme (IMARRAP) in China null 2016-1-13

  • 第一作者

  • 第二作者

    顾蕊  

  • 作者

  • 摘要

    The IMARRAP was approved by IFAD’s Executive Board on 13 December 2007, became effective on 12 November 2008 and completed by 31 December 2014. The objective of the program was to achieve poverty reduction in the program area in a sustainable and gender equitable way by establishing enhanced productivity and improved access to information, technology, rural financial services and markets. The program included three technical components and one management component: (i) agricultural production and market access, (ii) strategic support to women; (iii) rural financial service; and (iv) program management and participation. The IMARRAP evaluation was one of retrospective evaluations selected by IFAD and the procedure had started to conduct at the second half year of 2014. A mixed method approach was used to evaluate the program, combined quasi-experimental designs with qualitative methods. The impact evaluation was carried out in all 9 poor counties of Ulanqab prefecture where the program was implemented. The counties involved in the study were Chayouqian Banner, Chayouzhong Banner, Chayouhou Banner, Siziwang Banner, Shandu County, Huade County, Xinghe County, Zhouzi County, and Liangcheng County. The sample was a representative of 54 towns, 3,027 natural villages (out of which 722 are administrative village) and a total of 125,000 households in Ulanqab prefecture. The main fieldwork was conducted in structured interviews with farmers based on the enhanced questionnaire as well as observations and group discussions with relevant stakeholders to capture the details of program implementation and evaluate the impact of the IMARRAP. The following were some key findings from the impact evaluation of IMARRAP:Poverty reduction is one of main objectives of IMARRAP. Wealth index and households’ own judgments of their economic status were used as the objective and subjective measurement of poverty respectively. Results showed that at least 14.7% of poor households moved out of poverty due to the implementation of IMARRAP when we used difference-in-differences method to estimate the total average treatment effect of the program on the poverty.Food security is another objective of IMARRAP and measured by food consumption score. Results showed food security status has improved due to the implementation of IMARRAP and there was 13.7% (41 out of 300) of households who moved out of food insecure. Meanwhile, a double-difference estimate of food consumption frequency of different types of food demonstrated the program appeared to be promoting a more diverse diet.IMARRAP aimed to reduce poverty through “gender lens” and provided credits to strategic support women. A revised version of the WEAI was explored to measure the roles and extent of women’s decision-making power in the agriculture sector. As the result, women were more empowered due to the implementation of the program, but women still had weak power in agricultural production decision-making, were lack of control over productive assets and had little access to credit. Therefore, these aspects need more interventions to increase empowerment. IMARRAP has introduced the new technologies such as greenhouse and potato net-shed to the poor people, and has provided relevant extension service. There was a positive significant difference in the technical efficiency indicator between treatment group and control group, which denoted the innovative method worked in the program area and the productivity of beneficiary households had improved. Then these modules helped households to move out of poverty and improved their food security status.A value chain concept has been permeating in the program area and marketing association played more and more important role in advancing the livelihoods of rural poor people. Marketing association not only provided market information but also expanded their sales network to help farmers to sell their products. In addition, marketing association guided farmers to produce clean and safe products to meet the rising demand for safety food. Being a leader in an association also assisted the development of women’s self-confidence to influence change in their communities.
    The formation of WGMC was one of important contents in the IMARRAP, which aimed to raise the income and status of poor women by improving their access to credit and knowledge. Results showed access to credit can enable women to play a more active role in household decision making and increase investment in family welfare. Compare to general credit, gender-specific credit was most used to buy animals or productive materials.Rural infrastructures, such as water supply, roads, telecommunication and TV reception, and sanitation, have been improved since 2009. And then these improvements made contributions to poverty reduction and food security.

  • 出版年

    2015